With 1968’s radically intimate and formally daring Memories of Underdevelopment, Tomás Gutiérrez Alea achieved what was then an unprecedented level of international attention for a Cuban filmmaker, winning awards in places as far flung as Czechoslovakia and the United States, where the film was initially banned. But the densely layered drama—which combines elliptical editing and subjective camera work to tell the story of a bourgeois intellectual (Sergio Corrieri) who finds himself adrift in postrevolutionary Havana—proved no less of a revelation at home. In the above clip, taken from a supplement on our new edition of Memories, critic José Antonio Évora assesses the outsize impact that the film had on the fledgling Cuban cinema. A cofounder, in 1959, of the Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industria Cinematográficos, the government-run film commission, Gutiérrez Alea showed with Memories—and its restlessly critical and deeply conflicted protagonist, with his pronounced disengagement from the political reality he’s living in—that a film could serve the revolutionary cause not by parroting the state’s party line but rather by calling “everything into question,” as Évora says.
Wim Wenders Looks Back on the Digital Future He Predicted
From search engines to all-engrossing handheld devices, the technologies that the German director conjured for his 1991 opus Until the End of the World are now common features of contemporary life.
John Bailey Breaks Down a Tour de Force of Gothic Lighting
The veteran cinematographer takes a close look at the highly stylized and atmospheric lighting in one of the most pivotal scenes in pre-Code classic The Story of Temple Drake.
All About Mankiewicz
One of the most celebrated Hollywood writer-directors of his time, Joseph L. Mankiewicz offers a window into the way he sees his characters in this illuminating clip from an archival interview.
Charisma to Burn: Béatrice Dalle’s Incandescent Debut in Betty Blue
The young French actor didn’t require much direction for her first screen role. As the film’s director and cinematographer recall, she quickly proved herself to be a born star.