1975 • 201 minutes • 1.66:1 • Belgium
Spine: #484 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
Whether seen as an exacting character portrait or one of cinema’s most hypnotic and complete depictions of space and time, Jeanne Dielman is an astonishing, compelling movie experiment, one that has been analyzed and argued over for decades.
1988 • 353 minutes • 1.33:1 • United States
Spine: #258 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
In 1988, renegade filmmaker Robert Altman and Pulitzer Prize–winning Doonesbury cartoonist Garry Trudeau created a presidential candidate, ran him alongside the other hopefuls during the primary season, and presented their media campaign as a cross between a soap opera and TV news.
1984 • 90 minutes • 1.33:1 • United States
Spine: #257 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus, iTunes
Based on the original play by Donald Freed and Arnold M. Stone, and starring Philip Baker Hall in a tour de force solo performance, Robert Altman’s Secret Honor is a searing interrogation of the Richard Nixon mystique and an audacious depiction of unchecked paranoia.
A low-key postpunk diary that took four years to complete, Allison Anders’ Border Radio features legendary rocker Chris D. as a singer/songwriter who has stolen loot from a club and gone missing, leaving his wife, a no-nonsense rock journalist, to track him down with the help of his friends.
1960 • 145 minutes • 1.77:1 • Italy
Spine: #98 Editions: DVD, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
A girl mysteriously disappears on a yachting trip. While her lover and her best friend search for her across Italy, they begin an affair. Antonioni’s penetrating study of the idle upper class offers stinging observations on spiritual isolation and the many meanings of love.
1962 • 126 minutes • 1.85:1 • Italy
Spine: #278 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
The conclusion of Michelangelo Antonioni’s informal trilogy on modern malaise, L’eclisse (The Eclipse) tells the story of a young woman (Monica Vitti) who leaves one lover (Francisco Rabal) only to drift into a relationship with another (Alain Delon).
1964 • 117 minutes • 1.85:1 • Italy
Spine: #522 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus
Michelangelo Antonioni’s 1960s panoramas of contemporary alienation were decade-defining artistic events. Red Desert, his first color film, is perhaps his most epochal, and confirms Antonioni as cinema’s preeminent poet of the modern age.
1982 • 130 minutes • 1.85:1 • Italy
Spine: #585 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus
Michelangelo Antonioni’s Identification of a Woman is a body- and soul-baring voyage into one man’s artistic and erotic consciousness.
Cranky Professor Henry Higgins (Leslie Howard) takes a bet that he can turn Cockney guttersnipe Eliza Doolittle (Wendy Hiller) into a “proper lady” in a mere six months in this delightful comedy of bad manners, based on the play by George Bernard Shaw.
1951 • 90 minutes • 1.33:1 • United Kingdom
Spine: #294 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus, iTunes
Michael Redgrave gives the performance of his career in Anthony Asquith’s adaptation of Terence Rattigan’s unforgettable play. Redgrave portrays Andrew Crocker-Harris, an embittered, middle-aged schoolmaster who begins to feel that his life has been a failure.
1987 • 104 minutes • 1.66:1 • Denmark
Spine: #665 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus
At once a rousing paean to artistic creation, a delicate evocation of divine grace, and the ultimate film about food, the Oscar-winning Babette’s Feast is a deeply beloved treasure of cinema.
Juan Antonio Bardem
1955 • 87 minutes • 1.33:1 • Spain
Spine: #427 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
Upper-class geometry professor Juan and his wealthy, married mistress, Maria José, driving back from a late-night rendezvous, accidentally hit a cyclist, and run. Juan Antonio Bardem’s charged melodrama Death of a Cyclist was a direct attack on 1950s Spanish society under Franco’s rule.
1982 • 83 minutes • 1.78:1 • United States
Spine: #625 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus, iTunes
A mix of hilarious, anything-goes slapstick and biting satire of me-generation self-indulgence, Eating Raoul marked the end of the sexual revolution with a thwack.
1952 • 94 minutes • 1.33:1 • France
Spine: #270 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
Jacques Becker lovingly evokes the belle epoque Parisian demimonde in this classic tale of doomed romance. When gangster’s moll Marie (Simone Signoret) falls for reformed criminal Manda (Serge Reggiani), their passion incites an underworld rivalry that leads inexorably to treachery and tragedy.
1965 • 108 minutes • 1.85:1 • Italy
Spine: #333 Editions: DVD, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
Tormented by twisted desires, a young man takes drastic measures to rid his grotesquely dysfunctional family of its various afflictions in this astonishing 1965 debut from Marco Bellocchio.
Controversial winner of the International Critics’ Prize at the 1992 Cannes Film Festival, Man Bites Dog stunned audiences worldwide with its unflinching imagery and biting satire of media violence.
Spencer G. Bennet
1959 • 72 minutes • 1.33:1 • United States
Spine: #366 Editions: Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus, iTunes
When a nuclear-powered submarine, the Tiger Shark, sets out to investigate a series of mysterious disappearances near the Arctic Circle, its fearless crew finds itself besieged by electrical storms, an Unidentified Floating Saucer, and lots of hairy tentacles.
Prince Ahmad, cast out of Bagdad by the nefarious Jaffar, joins forces with the scrappy thief Abu to win back his royal place and the heart of a princess in Alexander Korda’s The Thief of Bagdad, an eye-popping special-effects pioneer and one of the most spectacular fantasy films ever made.
1957 • 96 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #11 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus, iTunes
Much studied, imitated, even parodied, but never outdone, Bergman’s stunning allegory of man’s search for meaning was one of the benchmark foreign imports of America’s 1950s art house heyday, pushing cinema’s boundaries and ushering in a new era of moviegoing.
1957 • 92 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #139 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus, iTunes
Traveling to accept an honorary degree, Professor Isak Borg—masterfully played by veteran director Victor Sjöström—is forced to face his past, come to terms with his faults, and make peace with the inevitability of his approaching death.
1982 • 188 minutes • 1.66:1 • Sweden
Spine: #263 Editions: DVD, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
Through the eyes of ten-year-old Alexander, we witness the delights and conflicts of the Ekdahl family, a sprawling bourgeois clan in turn-of-the-twentieth-century Sweden.
1972 • 91 minutes • 1.66:1 • Sweden
Spine: #101 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
In Ingmar Bergman’s testament to the strength of the soul, Karin and Maria come to the aid of their dying sister, Agnes, but jealousy, manipulation, and selfishness come before empathy. Cries and Whispers is full of images of staggering beauty and unfathomable horror.
1960 • 89 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #321 Editions: DVD, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
Winner of the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Ingmar Bergman’s The Virgin Spring is a harrowing tale of faith, revenge, and savagery in medieval Sweden.
1961 • 91 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #209 Editions: Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
Winner of the 1962 Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, Ingmar Bergman’s Through a Glass Darkly presents an unflinching vision of a family’s near disintegration and a tortured psyche further taunted by God’s intangible presence.
1962 • 80 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #210 Editions: Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
In Ingmar Bergman’s stark depiction of spiritual crisis, small-town pastor Tomas Ericsson (Gunnar Björnstrand) performs his duties mechanically before a dwindling congregation. Winter Light is beautifully photographed by Sven Nykvist.
1963 • 95 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #211 Editions: Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
Regarded as one of the most sexually provocative films of its day, Ingmar Bergman’s The Silence follows two sisters as they travel by train with Anna’s young son to a foreign country seemingly on the brink of war.
1982 • 312 minutes • 1.66:1 • Sweden
Spine: #262 Editions: Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
Ingmar Bergman described Fanny and Alexander as “the sum total of my life as a filmmaker.” And in this, the full-length (312-minute) version of his triumphant valediction, his vision is expressed at its fullest.
1973 • 169 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #229 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
Scenes from a Marriage chronicles the many years of love and turmoil that bind Marianne (Liv Ullmann) and Johan (Erland Josephson) through matrimony, infidelity, divorce, and subsequent partners.
1953 • 92 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #412 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
The story of the charged relationship between a turn-of-the-century traveling circus owner and his performer girlfriend, Ingmar Bergman’s film features dreamlike detours and twisted psychosexual power plays that presage the director’s Smiles of a Summer Night and The Seventh Seal.
1955 • 108 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #237 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
In turn-of-the-century Sweden, four men and four women attempt to navigate the laws of attraction. During a weekend in the country, the women collude to force the men’s hands in matters of the heart.
1958 • 101 minutes • 1.33:1 • Sweden
Spine: #537 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus
Ingmar Bergman’s The Magician (Ansiktet) is an engaging, brilliantly conceived tale of deceit from one of cinema’s premier illusionists, a diabolically clever battle of wits that’s both frightening and funny.
1953 • 97 minutes • 1.37:1 • Sweden
Spine: #614 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus, iTunes
Inspired by the earthy eroticism of Harriet Andersson, in the first of her many roles for him, Ingmar Bergman had a major international breakthrough with this sensual and ultimately ravaging tale of young love.
1951 • 96 minutes • 1.37:1 • Sweden
Spine: #613 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus
Touching on many of the themes that would define the rest of his legendary career—isolation, performance, the inescapability of the past—Ingmar Bergman’s tenth film was a gentle drift toward true mastery.
1962 • 93 minutes • 1.66:1 • Italy
Spine: #272 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
In Bernardo Bertolucci’s stunning debut, the brutalized corpse of a Roman prostitute is found along the banks of the Tiber River. The police round up a handful of possible suspects and interrogate them, one by one, each account bringing them closer to the killer.
1982 • 95 minutes • 1.33:1 • United States
Spine: #287 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus, iTunes
Les Blank documents acclaimed German filmmaker Werner Herzog’s ambitious and troubled production of Fitzcarraldo, the story of one man’s attempt to build an opera house deep in the Amazon jungle.
2001 • 86 minutes • 1.85:1 • France
Spine: #259 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus, iTunes
Fat Girl is not only a portrayal of female adolescent sexuality and the complicated bond between siblings but also a shocking assertion by the always controversial Catherine Breillat that violent oppression exists at the core of male-female relations.
1956 • 101 minutes • 1.33:1 • France
Spine: #650 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus, iTunes
With the simplest of concepts and sparest of techniques, Robert Bresson made one of the most suspenseful jailbreak films of all time in A Man Escaped.
1959 • 75 minutes • 1.33:1 • France
Spine: #314 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
Robert Bresson’s incomparable tale of crime and redemption follows a young pickpocket who spends his days working the streets, subway cars, and train stations of Paris; tautly choreographed, Pickpocket reveals a master director at the height of his powers.
1945 • 84 minutes • 1.33:1 • France
Spine: #183 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
This unique love story follows the maneuverings of a society lady as she connives to initiate a scandalous affair between her aristocratic ex-lover and a prostitute. With his second feature film, director Robert Bresson was already forging his singularly brilliant filmmaking technique.
1966 • 95 minutes • 1.66:1 • France
Spine: #297 Editions: DVD, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
Robert Bresson’s Au hasard Balthazar follows the donkey Balthazar as he is passed from owner to owner, some kind and some cruel, but all with motivations beyond his understanding—a profound masterpiece from one of the most revered filmmakers in the history of cinema.
1967 • 78 minutes • 1.66:1 • France
Spine: #363 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
Faced with a dying mother, an absent, alcoholic father, and a baby brother in need of care, the teenage Mouchette seeks solace in nature and daily routine, a respite from her economic and pubescent turmoil. Bresson’s hugely empathetic drama is an essential work of French filmmaking.
1963 • 90 minutes • 1.37:1 • United Kingdom
Spine: #43 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus, iTunes
In the hands of the renowned experimental theater director Peter Brook, William Golding’s legendary novel about the primitivism lurking beneath civilization becomes a film as raw and ragged as the lost boys at its center.
1967 • 100 minutes • 1.66:1 • France
Spine: #593 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus
Catherine Deneuve’s porcelain perfection hides a cracked interior in one of the actress’s most iconic roles: Séverine, a Paris housewife who begins secretly spending her afternoon hours working in a bordello.
1961 • 90 minutes • 1.66:1 • Spain
Spine: #332 Editions: DVD, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus
Novice nun Viridiana does her utmost to maintain her Catholic principles, but her lecherous uncle and a motley assemblage of paupers force her to confront the limits of her idealism. Luis Buñuel’s irreverent vision of life as a beggar’s banquet is regarded by many as his masterpiece.
1962 • 94 minutes • 1.33:1 • Mexico
Spine: #459 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
A group of bourgeois cosmopolitans are invited to a mansion for dinner and inexplicably find themselves unable to leave, in Luis Buñuel’s daring masterpiece. Made one year after his international sensation Viridiana, this is a furthering of Buñuel’s wicked takedown of the frivolous upper classes.
1965 • 45 minutes • 1.33:1 • Mexico
Spine: #460 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
Simon of the Desert is Luis Buñuel’s wicked and wild take on the life of devoted ascetic Saint Simeon Stylites, who waited atop a pillar surrounded by a barren landscape for six years, six months, and six days, in order to prove his devotion to God.
William Cameron Menzies
1936 • 97 minutes • 1.37:1 • United Kingdom
Spine: #660 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus
A landmark collaboration between writer H. G. Wells, producer Alexander Korda, and designer and director William Cameron Menzies, Things to Come is a science fiction film like no other, a prescient political work that predicts a century of turmoil and progress.
1990 • 158 minutes • 1.78:1 • New Zealand
Spine: #301 Editions: DVD, Hulu Plus
With An Angel at My Table, Academy Award–winning filmmaker Jane Campion brings to the screen the harrowing true-life story of Janet Frame, New Zealand’s most distinguished author. Angel beautifully captures the color and power of the New Zealand landscape.
1989 • 99 minutes • 1.85:1 • New Zealand
Spine: #356 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Hulu Plus, iTunes
Though she went on to create a string of brilliant films, Jane Campion will always be remembered for her stunning debut feature, Sweetie, which focuses on the hazardous relationship between the buttoned-down, superstitious Kay and her rampaging, devil-may-care sister, Sweetie.
1959 • 107 minutes • 1.33:1 • France
Spine: #48 Editions: DVD, Blu-ray, Collector’s Sets, Hulu Plus, iTunes
Winner of both the Academy Award for best foreign-language film and the Cannes Film Festival’s Palme d’Or, Marcel Camus’ Black Orpheus (Orfeu negro) brings the ancient Greek myth of Orpheus and Eurydice to the twentieth-century madness of Carnival in Rio de Janeiro.